Nerium oleander is in the same plant family as vinca and mandevilla, and you can see the family resemblance in the brightly colored, flared, tube-shaped flowers. Although it does not require pruning to thrive and bloom, oleander can become unruly with age and older branches tend to become gangly, with new growth emerging from the base. [15] Cardiac reactions consist of irregular heart rate, sometimes characterized by a racing heart at first that then slows to below normal further along in the reaction. Oleander is native to Africa, Europe, North America, and the Mediterranean.Butler 2016 Oleander should not be confused with yellow oleander (Thevetia neriifolia), a related toxic plant.Jamal 2… The Egyptians apparently called it scinphe, the North Africans rhodedaphane, and the Lucanians (a southern Italic people) icmane. Ingestion of larger amounts may cause nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea and irregular heart rhythm. [citation needed], Drugs derived from N. oleander have been investigated as a treatment for cancer, but have failed to demonstrate clinical utility. This is a high maintenance shrub that will require regular care and upkeep, and can be pruned at anytime. They are so prolific that Galveston is known as the 'Oleander City'; an annual oleander festival is hosted every spring. In his book Enquiries into Plants of circa 300 BC, Theophrastus described (among plants that affect the mind) a shrub he called onotheras, which modern editors render oleander; "the root of onotheras [oleander] administered in wine", he alleges, "makes the temper gentler and more cheerful". Oleander (Nerium oleander) is a fragrant flowering evergreen shrub or small tree that is in bloom from spring through fall. Often told as a true and local event, typically an entire family, or in other tellings a group of scouts, succumbs after consuming hot dogs or other food roasted over a campfire using oleander sticks. [45] Symptoms of a poisoned horse include severe diarrhea and abnormal heartbeat. [33], Oleander flowers are showy, profuse, and often fragrant, which makes them very attractive in many contexts. On the East Coast of the US, it grows as far north as Virginia Beach, Virginia, while in California and Texas miles of oleander shrubs are planted on median strips. In cold winter climates, oleander is a popular summer potted plant readily available at most nurseries. Overwinter in a cool location (40s F.) with moderate light and very little water or as a houseplant in a bright sunny but cool room with reduced water. [43], Drying of plant materials does not eliminate the toxins. [6] They were found to have been planted in a decorative arrangement with citron trees (Citrus medica) alongside the villa's swimming pool. [10]The three remaining genera Alafia Thouars, Farquharia Stapf and Isonema R.Br. A No-Fuss Evergreen Shrub with Huge Clusters of Red Flowers Some flowering shrubs are so labor-intensive that you may spend more time caring for them than enjoying their flowers. It holds up well as a street planting. [30] Several dwarf cultivars have also been developed, offering a more compact form and size for small spaces. In the past, scented plants were sometimes treated as the distinct species, Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, entry for, Bingtao Li, Antony J. M. Leeuwenberg, and D. J. Middleton. [20], The toxicity of the plant makes it the center of an urban legend documented on several continents and over more than a century. [32] Hardy versions like white, red and pink oleander will tolerate occasional light frost down to −10 °C (14 °F),[16] though the leaves may be damaged. [Note 3] The fruit is a long narrow pair of follicles 5–23 cm (2.0–9.1 in) long, which splits open at maturity to release numerous downy seeds. The plant has a leaf like that of the almond, but smaller, and the flower is red like a rose. For other uses, see, This article is about the species of plant. [40] A spokesman for the Los Angeles County Coroner's office stated that it was the first instance of death connected to oleander in the county, and a toxicologist from the California Poison Control Center said it was the first instance of death he had seen recorded. [citation needed], Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis. In July 2009, several horses were poisoned in this manner from the leaves of the plant. The "special" ingredient is from a Nerium oleander plant... do you think this could actually be for real, or is it just another way to waste my money? Nerium oleander, commonly called oleander, is an upright, rounded evergreen sub-tropical to tropical shrub that is valued for its abundant, fragrant, summer to fall flowers. [6] ascribed to oleander's toxicity to humans. Desai, Umesh R. Cardiac glycosides. [71], Unusual yellow-flowered variety. Nerium N. Oleander 'Double Yellow' is a moderate growing shrub that can be grown in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7B through 11. [44] Plant clippings are especially dangerous to horses, as they are sweet. The plant itself (which loves hilly country) forms a large bush; the root is red and large, and, if this is dried, it gives off a fragrance like wine. 160 kinds 7. Kind: Oleander (Nerium oleander) 4. only kind of the plant genus Nerium 5. Cuttings may be taken in late summer. In Mediterranean climates oleanders can be expected to bloom from April through October, with the heaviest bloom usually occurring between May and June. Tweet; Description: It is an evergreen shrub (or small tree) that grows to approximately 6 m. A sticky latex is exuded if the stem is cut. 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