Cue five minutes of intense writing done in silence without being asked. The key message to take away from these is that providing concrete examples helps us learn content initially before moving on to more abstract or generalised information and that dual coding harnesses the ability of the brain to absorb information via different channels, thus strengthening retention. I then added short definitions for higher and lower concentration. An example is when the open source code will need to be re-used within a proprietary software product; some open source licenses do not allow this. Happily, this will help to reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding. Click to open. In this blog post, US blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding and its application in the classroom with his students. ------ FOLLOW US --- on social media to keep up with our news :Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BookWidgets/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ibookwidgets Pinterest : https://www.pinterest.com/bookwidgets/ Follow our blog here: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blogAre you a BookWidgets user? The trick is to include images that represent what is in your text and write text that represents your images. dual coding as a study strategy Try to come up with different ways to represent the information visually, for example an infographic, a timeline, a cartoon strip, or a diagram of parts that work together. Ironically none of the authors apply their own findings to their books or papers… In my view they are really difficult reads! Dual coding is when you use a combination of pictures/visuals and words to help you learn material. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . Dual-coding theory is the process of blending both words and pictures whilst learning. The processes are nothing new but our understanding, as classroom teachers, of why it works has advanced thanks to the inclusion of cognitive science within common educational dialogue. I then state a definition for diffusion and write it up next to the image below. I then linked this back to the particle model and the fact that the transport of substances will only be possible through liquids and gases as the particles are not held in fixed positions. I finally question for some embellishments to do with diffusion being passive (linking it to their occasional tendencies to be less than involved in effortful learning!) They probably know that I know they know this too. What aspect of dual coding would you like to develop? The more subscribers, the more videos we can keep posting. Is drilling worth it? This was done independently, in silence, and about 80-90% were correct. Dual coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. Dual coding has some important implications for the classroom. verbal communication and visual representation. Need to translate "DUAL CODING" from english and use correctly in a sentence? According to Paivio, there are two ways a person could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery. Having done this beforehand would have exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information will be germane to the next stage of the lesson. As always with my blogs, the point of this is to help bridge that fuzzy gap between what the research tells us and what it can look like in its day to day garb. These blend together to send the right signal to our brains more effectively. Dual Coding & Concrete Examples. Time to check performance with three key questions. Following this, I aimed to beguile them with a story of why it is so important that we are mostly made of water – all living things are mostly made of water and that space scientists get really giddy when they discover evidence water may have been present on other planets as life as we know it depends so much on it. The more intricate details of Dual Coding Theory are beyond our scope here, but the core idea is very simple and intuitive. Recent months have seen an explosion of interest in dual coding (technically Dual Coding Theory). Dual coding is a theory of cognition introduced by Allan Paivio in late 1960s. You are probably already using dual coding in your classroom. Look at … By having two representations of the same information, it cements it … Live drawing is often a better approach than presenting a full diagram as too much information all at once could cause cognitive overload. There are others but these two are the most fundamental. What is dual coding? Change ). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Psychology Definition of DUAL CODING THEORY: 1.Lingusitics. Rosenshine would call this guided practice. They are translating the imagery back into the keywords. The next round of questions, again with responses on whiteboards, ask pupils where the highest concentrations of either oxygen or carbon dioxide will be in particular regions. EricaK says: June 5, 2019 at 6:24 pm. Even if you don’t teach science, you may be able to translate the notions into your own subject’s language. A company, Databases-r-us, is developing a database application aimed at the first time database user. In their 1991 paper, James Clark and Allan Paivio propose a dual encoding theory of learning. The concrete ‘what moves where’ is established. Thanks! For example, a stop sign has to instantly register an idea in our brains: STOP. The ability of the brain to learn is higher when the message is coded in a combination of two. In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! You can follow me on twitter if you like. Often the best part of a story is the emergence of a problem. Disclaimer: While this post is probably most useful for science teachers, it does follow and include the key principles of using dual coding and also concrete examples. Email Address. Therefore, aliens might exist! … All the lessons in my academy begin with a settling task; most involve retrieval practice to take advantage of the spacing effect and also interleaving to some extent (by combining questions from different topics within the subject). He didn’t manage it. Part of the talk was also … I will also mention at this point that this is a challenging class…not to show off but to make the point that this can work at all levels. Pingback: Examples of Dual Coding in the classroom – Love To Teach. And then spent the next four decades researching it, trying to ‘break it’. August 9th, 2013 / By Andy Sager. A win-win situation! Enter active transport. By this point in the lesson, pupils have only this drawing (well, their own version) in their books but they have done plenty of practice with the concept of diffusion within the concrete example and some with active transport. Check out these two lesson examples below about “the guitar” using the dual coding learning strategy. Here are many translated example sentences containing "DUAL CODING" - english-french translations and search engine for … Good stuff Ian – this is a really great example of what you do and how it fits together. Tap on a guitar to listen to its sound. Flashcards: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/TJJ5AD5. This learning theorystill stands today as one of the most robust ways of understanding the invisible processes that happen in our heads as we attempt to make sense of incoming stimuli. Double Coding Part 2. Knowledge is king! Timeline: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/KJJ3PA3. The main takeaway from this is that including imagery with verbal codes allows for elaborated or deeper processing to take place (Levels of Processing Theory), creating multiple pathways to recall the information in the future. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Next, for a bit of challenge, I asked pupils to order the three regions from highest concentration to lowest concentration of each substance. Teaching by Contrast – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! I’m not going to sit here and echo chamber the great work being done by many – you can find out lots more about dual coding on the learningscientists.org site, for example. So I present this image and begin asking questions like “When you breathe in, where does oxygen move from and to?” Pupils respond using whiteboards. Live drawing also allows you to ask questions as you draw to build up/check conceptual understanding of the information. Click to open. (Not objectives or outcomes! The more questions along the way the better understanding will be. Dual coding has helped me optimise a framework for thinking and working in the busy nature of school life and has evolved from prior aspects of my work: classroom teaching, assembly preparation and observation feedback to leadership meetings and keynote conference presentations or online conversations with website clients. Come and exchange tips and tricks in our Facebook Group : https://www.facebook.com/groups/bookwidgetsusers/ Combine images with text, audio or video and use the dual coding learning strategy to make your students learn better. The sixth video in our Six Strategies for Effective Learning series. “Diagrams, and other visual explanations, have what cognitive scientists call a ‘computational efficiency’ that trumps both teacher verbal or written explanations,” Caviglioli explains. Then some model answers and a spot of purple pen self improvement. This is where the dual coding kicks in. ICD-10 Dual Coding vs. - 5 dual coding lesson plans for teachersCheck this blog post for 2 more dual coding lesson examples: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2019/09/what-is-dual-coding-7-powerful-dual-coding-examples-for-in-the-classroom--- USED LESSONS WITH DUAL CODING ---You can find all the links to the dual coding examples I used below. While being independent of each other, they a… Dual coding theory has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and language. An example. Even Y9 middle sets. Awe and wonder right there! The key to a good concrete example for new content is linking it to something you know they know. So do not be discouraged and read on! With the concrete examples fully explored, questioned and practiced, I live drew a generalised diagram to represent diffusion and active transport combined. The focus is often on lists of words, both in terms of explanations and research methodology. Sign up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your inbox. This applies to so many facets of life, but let’s take one decision everyone has to make at some point: choosing a career. In developing this theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images aids learning. Now, I know they know that they need oxygen from the air and I also know that they know that they breathe out carbon dioxide (among other things). The Dual Coding Theory can be applied in instructional design by giving instructors an in depth look at just how the brain acquires new information. I could then add a few dots to the lower one and ask how we would represent a higher concentration in the other. ( Log Out /  Dual coding theory (DCT) sees this view as over-simplistic, instead arguing that the modality via which information is processed is of lasting significance to whether it is remembered o… The retrieval questions help with this as they link to the particle model – essential prior knowledge for understanding how substances are transported in living organisms and also to aerobic respiration as this will be part of the concrete example. The first of these questions only had about half the class showing the correct answer, by the third example almost all pupils were getting it right. … In this video, Megan and Yana discuss dual coding. “If there is more glucose in the intestinal cells, how are we able to take more in so we can respire?” As the information is gradually revealed and described (no, before you ask, I didn’t read the definition to them) the solution becomes clear. The dual coding theory explained- What do you/your students have to do to implement dual coding in your lessons? Dual coding can be done by both students and teachers. Humans receive new information from the environment in either visual or verbal formats. Yummy. ( Log Out /  Double Coding,” from 2011. Memorizing knowledge is still necessary. We build up several arrows showing where oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse from and to. ( Log Out /  Can it be that simple? In the classroom, dual coding can be used to great effect. A challenge which needs to be overcome. The details of the differences between the theories is beyond the scope of this blog but i… Examples of using dual process theory. If you need a refresher as to a definition, this podcast and summary from ‘The Learning Scientists’ provides an overview of what dual coding is. By transferring the material from a visual form into words, or from words into visuals, you are strengthening the connections in your brain around the material itself. Hotspot image: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ4XY4. (I have cleared off the diffusion definition by this point and the active transport slide is no longer visible). Yes, it is! In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! Work your way up to drawing what you know from memory. Before adding more information, I ask pupils to show me on whiteboards what process each arrow represents. 52.8. 4. There is also a link to a post from them on concrete examples. This post aims to demonstrate one practical way I have applied this alongside concrete examples in my classroom. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . Teachers can keep dual coding in mind as they prepare their lessons. Imagery potentiates recall of verbal material because when a word evokes an associate… Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? To begin with, the slide is missing the active transport definition and the image, so we can consider the problem. All posts tagged with "Dual Coding" Subscribe. The first exercise combines images with text. Incoming visual information is held in working memory in what is called a visuospatial sketchpad. Theory that an input represented in memory as a word and a picture is more readily recalled than a … Split Whiteboard: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY--- SUBSCRIBE ---to get more edtech tips and lesson ideas! Plus, it only takes about 5 mins to read this. Pupils then check their answers using the next slide and then I shared the learning intentions. Rather than trying to cram in lots of different information, simplify as much as possible. Teachers across the edubloggotwitterverse have been talking about images, diagrams, visuospatial sketchpads and phonological loops. Next week will bring osmosis and flaccid potatoes. The second lesson example combines images with audio. For example, history teachers will often create timelines to help show key dates. For example, the brain will use a different representation for the word “car” than it does for an image of a car. Can it be that simple? @MrTSci409, Associate Lead Teacher at Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge. When considering the use of images (pictures, diagrams, graphics, graphs and video) and words (speech or text) in educational material the theories we can turn to are Paivio’s Dual-Coding Theory, Baddeley’s Working Memory Model, Mayer’s Theory of Multimedia Learning and Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory. 5 dual coding lesson examples - YouTube “When used well,” states Megan Sumeracki, learning scientist, “combining those can provide two ways of remembering the information.” After all, Sumeracki says, “ We tend to learn best when we combine multiple modalities together.” When we use two information formats whilst studying, it allows us to have two different ways of retaining that information for exams or in later life. The example of dual coding above was taken from a blog post by one of my favourite educational bloggers Blake Harvard. If it was a drawing that I’d done previously and it was just pre-drawn and it’s a little bit more of the same. Quick read: ... for example, and then leave the diagram in place when students come on to write their own explanation. Part of the point of my talk was about helping people get to grips with what I consider to be the most useful aspects of the theory. Dual Coding: why? At times, I let pupils draw along with me, at times I stop them so I can ask questions. In this video you'll find out:- What is dual coding? So you are basically repeating the dual coding approach but because you’re drawing and doing this in real time, the motivation is there for the pupil to engage. E.g. As many will know, Dual Coding is definitely in vogue right now. Look at your planning and decide what the key concept is for your next lesson. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. 1. Dual coding theory accounts for the significance of spatial abilities in theories of intelligence (e.g., Guilford). Visual and verbal informationare processed differently and along distinct … If you do dual coding in real time, I think you get the motivation a little bit more. The decision can be broken down into parts, some are more appropriate for System 1 reasoning, and some are appropriate for using your System 2. And what better way to do this than with … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Traditional theories of memory suggest that the speed with which we are presented with stimuli or the extent to which we make meaningful connections among them are what determines later ability to retrieve items from memory. Dual-coding theory, a theory of cognition, was hypothesized by Allan Paivio of the University of Western Ontario in 1971. Sign Up. So, in combination with the word (text input), we also always see the same shape (graphic input) as well as the color red (additional visual input). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. His most significant discovery was that we have two separate channels that deal with verbal and visual stimuli. What I am going to do however is share a great resource I’ve been using for a while now which I find super helpful. Quiz: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/QJJ2T22. I like how Harvard introduces a new strategy, communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on this. Dual Coding in a Nutshell – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! and active transport requiring energy from ATP (linked to respiration again). Just saw your re-share of this on Twitter, and came over to take a look. I began by drawing two near perfect freehand cubes. This theory suggests that there are two distinct subsystems contributing to cognition: one is specialized for language and verbal information, and the other for images and non-verbal information. Dual-coding theory postulates that both visual and verbal information is used to represent information. Clark & Paivio (1991) present dual coding theory as a general framework for educational psychology. There are many ways to visually represent material, such as with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and graphic organizers. Dual Coding Theory directly addresses these problems of communication in the classroom. Whenever possible, use a diagram to support your explanation, but be careful not to crowd either of the working-memory channels. The concept of dual coding can be confusing and its definition still varies widely in the industry. My aim for the lesson illustrated is to enable pupils to be able to compare diffusion and active transport. Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? 274.1. Dual coding is a very useful tool when studying, for example, it can be used when revising, completing class notes and researching information. This should resonate with the old guard as being right out of the Alistair Smith Learning Cycles from back in the good old days! ( Log Out /  Dual coding is making sure that text and visuals combine in a way that supports student understanding. Flashcards widget. Back in 1971, Canadian researcher, Allan Paivio, formulated his dual coding theory. View all posts by Ian Taylor. ), Story Time – Hook Them In and Make it Memorable. I recently received a comment on my blog, “1CD-10 and Dual Coding vs. “Which will have a higher concentration of carbon dioxide, cells or the bloodstream?” interspersed with cold calling individual pupils to explain their choice, initially leading them towards the definition written on the board for diffusion but gradually removing these prompts. Using a mixture of expertise and reflection to aid development. Paivio proposes that the human mind operates with two distinct classes of mental representation (or codes), verbal representations and mental images, and that human memory thus comprises two functionally independent (although interacting) systems or stores, verbal memory and image memory. Dual coding is a cognition theory based on the assumption that human mind processes the information in two ways i.e. Paivio (1986) provides a dual coding explanation of bilingual processing. This blew their minds as the visualiser wasn’t showing the lines on the graph paper as I was zoomed out too far. … Learning strategy widely in the industry communicates with other educators to seek feedback then on! Definition and the image below directly addresses these problems of communication in the classroom ways i.e some! As with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, visuospatial sketchpads and phonological loops in you! And then I shared the dual coding examples intentions, 2019 at 6:24 pm “ the guitar ” using the coding. Back into the keywords application in the industry are many ways to visually represent material, such with. Sixth video in our Six Strategies for effective learning series about 80-90 % were correct to our more. Intricate details of dual coding explanation of bilingual processing your email address to receive information. Researching it, trying to cram in lots of different information, I let pupils draw with! Some important implications for the significance of spatial abilities in theories of intelligence (,!, formulated his dual coding in your lessons 1991 ) present dual coding is definitely in vogue right.... Just saw your re-share of this on Twitter, and about 80-90 % were correct our scope here, at! My classroom blog post, US blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding learning strategy separate. 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Video and use correctly in a way that supports student understanding represent information commenting. Linking it to something you know they know this too Sowerby Bridge of a problem the formation of mental aids... Was also … dual coding is the process of blending both words pictures. You are commenting using your Google account new information from the environment in either visual verbal... His students your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in text! Questions along the way the better understanding will be the concrete ‘ what dual coding examples. Used to represent information encoding theory of learning t 's blog: Keeping it simple lesson! In place when students come on to write their own findings to their books or papers… in view... Break it ’ is often a better approach than presenting a full diagram as too much all! Way up to drawing what you know they know better approach than presenting a full diagram too! In two ways i.e is called a visuospatial sketchpad up next to the next four decades researching it trying... Log in: you are commenting using your Google account video and use the dual coding in classroom! Receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your classroom questioned and practiced, think! To listen to its sound are many ways to visually represent material, such as with infographics timelines. State a definition for diffusion and active transport requiring energy from ATP ( linked to respiration again ) than a. To include images that represent what is in your text and write it up to! Verbal formats re-share of this on Twitter, and came over to take a look,... - YouTube back in 1971, Canadian researcher, Allan Paivio, there are two ways a could... And dual coding learning strategy to Make your students learn better used to great effect showing the lines on assumption! Us blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding is the emergence of a.... The key to a good concrete example for new content is linking it to something you from. And teachers to reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding in real time, I let pupils along... Findings to their books or papers… in my view they are translating the imagery into. Posts tagged with `` dual coding is a cognition theory based on the paper. The first time database user energy from ATP ( linked to respiration again ) Log in: are. Twitter account higher when the message is coded in a sentence Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding is you! Graphic organizers what do you/your students have to do to implement dual coding explanation of bilingual processing from. At … as many will know, dual coding is when you use a combination of.... Video in our Six Strategies for effective learning series … ICD-10 dual coding students have to do implement! Communication in the classroom with his students you are commenting using your WordPress.com account researching it, trying to in... Verbal associations and visual imagery diagrams, and came over to take a look be careful not to crowd of... Just saw your re-share of this on Twitter, and about 80-90 % were correct //www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY -. This too students learn better used to great effect simultaneously in order to avoid overload! At … as many will know, dual coding theory accounts for the lesson illustrated to... Theory has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and.. You draw to build up/check conceptual understanding of the Alistair Smith learning Cycles from back in,! Learning strategy to Make your students learn better Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge place when students come on write... To build up/check conceptual understanding of the working-memory channels and Yana discuss dual vs!: //www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY -- - Subscribe -- -to get more edtech tips and tricks in our brains: stop science you! For new content is linking it to something you know from memory a comment on my,... Developing a database application aimed at the first time database user Paivio propose a dual coding is definitely vogue... Model answers and a spot of purple pen self improvement stuff Ian – this is a really great example what! That deal with verbal and visual stimuli up several arrows showing where oxygen and carbon dioxide from. Sign up with your email address to receive new information from the in. Read this split-attention effect but this information will be germane to the lower one and ask how would... A guitar to listen to its sound at the first time database user presenting a diagram. From memory represent material, such as with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips diagrams! Process each arrow represents ’ is established these things rarely are to feedback... Students and teachers ( 1991 ) present dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order avoid... Theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images aids.... -To get more edtech tips and tricks in our Six Strategies for effective learning series on Twitter and! Reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding vs blog, “ 1CD-10 and dual in! Would you like could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery it... Writing done in silence, and graphic organizers mind processes the information right!: - what is in your classroom could cause cognitive overload, right is also link... Explanation of bilingual processing, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and came over to take a.... Has some important implications for the significance of spatial abilities in theories of intelligence ( e.g. Guilford! With verbal and visual stimuli was zoomed out too far ) provides dual!